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Flag this photoFor more than 2,000 years, folk healers in Russia and Eastern Europe carried propolis (bee-glue) in their medicine bags. Often called Russian penicillin, healers believed it cures bacterial infections, dental problems and skin diseases. Propolis, a sticky resin honeybees collect from tree buds in their pollen pockets, is used like mortar to patch honeycombs and waterproof the hive. Large insects like snails that die in a hive are embalmed with propolis to avoid bacteria.Related Searches: History
Ancient Roman scholar Pliny the Elder wrote of propolis healing persistent sores. Russians, Mongolians and Siberians diluted it with turpentine to treat wood against cracks and rot in bitterly cold winters. In the Boer War (1899-1902), doctors mixed Vaseline and propolis to create an antiseptic wound ointment. In 1919, after the Russian revolution, Lenin recognized bee-keepers' importance with a tax exemption. During World War II, Russian medics and others used propolis as an antibiotic wound treatment.Diseases Treated
Propolis is promoted as a natural antibiotic, boosting the immune system without destroying the good bacteria killed by chemical antibiotics that kill disease bacteria. Tests done at the Institute for Bee Research in West Germany in 1987 showed promise for treating herpes viruses. Gum disease, skin problems. oral sores, gout, arthritis, ulcers, viruses and common colds are among the ailments treated by propolis. It is sold in ointment, cough syrup, throat lozenges, toothpaste and dental rinse. People with asthma or bee allergies should avoid propolis products.Buyer Beware
Bea Perks, deputy editor of Chemistry World, described propolis as "a fraudster's dream" because it is expensive and easy to adulterate. If it were regulated, forensic analysis could test for flavenoids (plant metabolites) that are found in certain proportions in genuine propolis. At about $17 for 0.85 oz. of propolis solution, the consumer is not guaranteed a quality product.Potential
A University of Minnesota research study looked into ways propolis compounds might help bees fight diseases, which are wiping out bee colonies in many countries. Propolis contains 300 to 500 chemical compounds to be investigated, a slow and painstaking process. Different sources affect plant flavenoid concentrations, depending on where bees harvest tree resin. Study results suggest propolis has potential as a source of antiviral HIV drugs.References"New Scientist"; Hives of Industry; Paul Simons; November 1987University of Minnesota; Secrets of the Hive; Sara Specht; Winter 2008Chemistry World; Fighting Food Fraud With Science; Bea Perks; September 2007ResourcesMossopshoney: From Hive to Honeypot"Letters from the Hive; An Intimate History of Bees..."; Stephen L. Buchmann; 2005Photo Credit Jupiterimages/BananaStock/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoThe hazards of spoiled milk depend on the kind of milk it is. Spoiled pasteurized milk and raw milk are completely different dangers. The smell of ruined milk is usually enough to warn you that you do not want to drink it. If you accidentally swallow raw milk, the very thought of it may make you sick to your stomach.Related Searches: Pasteurized Milk
In the 1800s, Louis Pasteur made life safer and easier for all of us. He developed a process for heating milk (or wine or beer) to just below the boiling point and rapidly cooling it. This process kills many of the bacteria that are harmful and potentially fatal. This process makes milk safer and keeps it fresher longer. When pasteurized milk spoils, it is not likely to be fatal but can be dangerous to young people and those with compromised immune systems, according to Healthline. The first symptom is usually diarrhea. It can then cause nausea, abdominal cramps and vomiting similar to other foodborne illnesses. Many recipes use spoiled milk as an ingredient. The spoiled milk is heated, killing bacteria. Most milk bought in a grocery store is pasteurized, and this is clearly indicated on the label.Raw Milk
Milk that has not been pasteurized is called raw. This milk may contain salmonella, Escherichia coli, campylobacter and the bacteria that cause illnesses such as tuberculosis, diphtheria, streptococcal infections, typhoid fever and other illnesses, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Though many foods carry foodborne illnesses, raw milk is one of the most dangerous. Drinking contaminated raw milk, at a minimum, causes several days of severe cramping, diarrhea and vomiting. At the worst, contaminated milk causes kidney failure, paralysis, several chronic conditions and even death. Raw milk is especially dangerous to young children, pregnant women, elderly people and those with weakened immune systems, such as a transplant recipient, cancer patient or someone with AIDS/HIV. Raw milk is found in many farmer's markets and organic food stores. If the word "pasteurized" is not printed on the label, it probably is not pasteurized. If in doubt, ask the farmer or market owner. If you are not able to verify it has been pasteurized, it is not worth the risk to drink it.Expiration Dates
Raw milk is never completely safe. Keep pasteurized milk in the refrigerator, and keep the refrigerator at 37 degrees Fahrenheit. Watch the expiration dates and throw it out when the date is passed. Pasteurized milk begins to spoil at 45 degrees Fahrenheit. For every 18 degrees rise in temperature, the spoilage rate of milk doubles. Milk spoils even faster if left uncovered. Even if milk is well within the expiration period, it spoils quickly if left out. The warmer it is, the more quickly it spoils. If you encounter milk that has been left out and allowed to warm, toss it out to be on the safe side.If Spoiled
The first thing most people notice is the sour smell of ruined milk. This is usually enough to deter an adult, but children may go ahead and drink it anyway. It pays to be vigilant about tossing old milk and food if there are young people in the house. If the milk is allowed to spoil further, it forms a solid crust on the top while the liquid in the bottom becomes clear. The milk eventually curdles, forming solid lumps similar to cottage cheese. If an adult ingests a small amount of spoiled pasteurized milk, he probably may not need medical attention unless he has a compromised immune system. If a child, elderly person or someone with a weak immune system ingests spoiled pasteurized milk, contact a doctor. If stomach pains, nausea, cramping, vomiting, diarrhea or any other unusual symptoms occur in any person after ingesting raw milk, seek medical attention immediately.ReferencesNorth Carolina State University; Food Safety; Protecting the Safety of Milk; J.E. RushingCDC; Food Safety; Raw Milk Questions and AnswersHealthline: Drinking Milk After the Expiration DateWeb MD; Food Poisoning and Safe Food Handling; February 2008Cooks; Recipes: Sour MilkPhoto Credit Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoPine needle oil has been used around the world for centuries. The oil is made by steam-distilling fresh pine needles and branch tips. In Korea, the oil is distilled from the Red Pine. In Austria, Russia and Scandinavia, the oil comes from the Scots Pine or the Black Spruce. Several varieties of pines in North America are valued for their medicinal oils. Pine needle oil is used as a fragrance and flavor enhancer, as well an ingredient in nasal decongestants, vaporizer fluids, analgesic ointments and cough and cold medicines.Related Searches:Difficulty:Moderately EasyInstructions Things You'll NeedPine needle essential oilVaporizerEmpty 16 oz. spray bottleShea butter or petroleum salveSuggest Edits1
Flag this photoMood swings are normal occurrences that most people experience from time to time. Almost anything can trigger a mood swing, from the weather and a good hair day, to hormonal changes and chemical imbalances. If you are experiencing occasional mood swings that are related to events occurring in your life, don't worry, it's normal. The good news is that there are several things you can do to stay positive when you're experiencing a negative mood swing.Related Searches:Difficulty:Moderately EasyInstructions 1
Recognize your mood swing for what it is. Don't get overwhelmed because you're having a bad day. Admit --- at least to yourself --- that you're experiencing a mood swing and know that it will end shortly.2
Take a walk or a drive. Remove yourself from the situation that caused the mood swing, even if it's only for a few minutes. This will often balance your mood so it is not as severe. If you are able to, do something you enjoy, such as walking or window-shopping.3
Avoid making important decisions during a mood swing, if possible. Your mood may affect the decision and you could end up regretting the decision once your mood has returned to normal. This is especially true of financial decisions and major life decisions.4
Think about other things. Dwelling on your foul mood or the event that caused the mood often intensifies it. Focus on positive, productive thoughts and activities to instantly lift yourself out of a minor bad mood or improve a major one.5
Take steps to eliminate or reduce your mood swings. Exercise regularly and get a medical checkup to make sure your mood swings are truly standard mood swings. Try meditating daily to put yourself in a better frame of mind. Make sure you're getting plenty of sleep, since lack of sleep could be contributing to your bad moods.6
Seek medical advice if you feel your mood swings are abnormal. The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that nearly 10 percent of U.S. adults are affected by some type of mood disorder. These disorders are often the result of a chemical or hormonal imbalance and nothing to be ashamed of. If you suffer from a mood disorder, and not just standard mood swings, treatment can help you.ReferencesThe Health Center: What are my treatment options for mood swings?Online Parenting Coach: Teens and Mood SwingsPhoto Credit Goodshoot RF/Goodshoot/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
The first Selectric typewriters were introduced in 1961 and featured an impressive innovation for the time. The golf-ball sized "type head" -- as IBM refers to it -- moves from left to right across the page and pivots to produce the selecte...
Flag this photoWhen a person has vision in only one eye, it is called monocular vision. People with monocular vision cannot see as well as they could with two eyes. This is because they have less peripheral vision, and because without two eyes sending information to their brains, they do not have depth perception -- the ability to see how far away something is. These problems can interfere with tasks such as driving and reading. Adapting to monocular vision can make it easier to read, which can help with everything, from selecting a dish on a menu to following current events in the newspaper.Related Searches:Difficulty:ModerateInstructions Things You'll NeedLampSuggest Edits1
Shine light from the lamp onto your reading material (for example, a book) so that it is not shining on your eye. One way to do this is to place the lamp behind you, but angle it so the light source falls directly on the book.2
Hold the book directly in front of your eye at a comfortable distance.3
Move the reading material back and forth as you read, instead of moving your eye. This prevents eye fatigue.4
Obtain special spectacles from an optician, such as telescopic spectacles, if the vision in your remaining eye is not perfect.Tips & Warnings
Reading is affected by the loss of an eye, but not as much as tasks like driving or walking on a sidewalk. See the link in Resources for help with these tasks.
Because you only have vision in one eye, it is especially important that you protect your eye. Consider wearing protective glasses, and having an extra pair in case something happens to the first pair.
Suggest itemReferencesArtificial Eyes: Adapting To Monocular VisionNORA; Implications of Acquired Monocular Vision (loss of one eye); Thomas Politzer; September 2007Good Hope Eye Dept; Coping with Loss of Vision in One Eye; Jayne Kempster, et al.ResourcesDiscussion and Support for Those Who Have Lost an Eye to Whatever Cause or Have Monocular VisionPhoto Credit Photos.com/PhotoObjects.net/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoKeeping either a journal or diary is one way you can track your thoughts, feelings and activities. Making a journal that is rooted in your moods can be useful when you are trying to determine if you have more depressive feelings during certain periods of time or if you become more elated after participating in an activity. Knowing how to best utilize a mood journal can help you, and any professionals you are seeing for any mood disorder, understand your moods, the cycles of your moods and mood triggers.Related Searches:Difficulty:ModerateInstructions Things You'll NeedBlank journal or notebookPens, pencils, colored pencilsHighlightersSuggest Edits1
Make a commitment to write in your mood journal multiple times, every day. You must track your moods and when they change from one to another. You should use a journal which is comfortable for you to write in and small enough that it can be taken with you wherever you go. Commit to taking your journal to work, school, on vacation, out to dinner, family visits and any time you leave the house for more than just an hour.2
Write the full date at the top of the first page, including the year. Note the time of your entry. Write direct statements regarding how you feel. State whether you feel happy, sad, upbeat, depressed, apprehensive, scared, nervous, anxious or anything in between. Understand that you can gauge your own mood and may need to use more than one or two words to accurately explain how you feel. For example, if you are writing in your journal the morning before starting a new job, you may explain that you are excited, happy, scared and nervous all at the same time.3
Be specific about events leading up to all mood changes. For example, if you wrote in your journal at 10 a.m. that you were happy and then at 2 p.m. your mood had slipped to sad, explain what events happened between those hours which may have prompted the mood change.4
Read your own journal at least once per week to look for patterns. Note whether certain situations, locations or people appear every time you have a mood shift. Highlight issues or events that you want to discuss in greater detail. If you see a professional for a mood disorder, show the therapist your mood journal and highlighted sections. Use the journal to understand what triggers cause you to personally have a change in mood, emotion or mental stability.Tips & Warnings
Keep your mood journal close by, so you can write down your moods easily.
Unless no one else will have access to your mood journal, avoid writing confidential or damaging information in your journal.
Suggest itemReferencesEveryday Health: Keeping a Bipolar Mood DiaryWest Virginia University: Writing a Mood DiaryYoga Journal: In the MoodPhoto Credit Jupiterimages/Creatas/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
When installing a pool it's necessary not only to calculate how much space is necessary for the structure itself, but also how much space to leave around it. The swimming and lounging experience is directly impacted by how much room is available arou...
Flag this photoPsyllium are the seeds of an herb that grows throughout Asia, North Africa and parts of Europe along the Mediterranean coast. Since psyllium occurs in nature, individiuals cannot manufacture psyllium husks. However, they can purchase psyllium seeds at health and gourmet food stores, then prepare the husks in a healing formula. Psyllium seeds are commonly used to treat constipation and other bowel discomforts. However, psyllium is also used to promote weight loss, detoxify the colon and treat diabetes, high cholesterol and certain skin disorders.Related Searches:Difficulty:Moderately EasyInstructions Things You'll NeedPsyllium seedsMortar and pestleEmpty capsulesWaterSuggest Edits1
Grind psyllium seeds with a mortar and pestle. This breaks up the husks into a powder. The husk powder can be mixed with water or placed in capsules and consumed. The husk may also be mixed with water and applied directly to acne, poison ivy and insect bites.2
Mix psycillium husks with water. Mix between 1/2 to 2 tbsp. of psycillium with 8 oz. water. If you're taking other medications, consume these 1 hour prior to, or 2 hours after, drinking the psyllium mixture. Avoid drinking psyllium if you have issues swallowing because the psyllium husks thicken when wet and can cause choking in extreme cases. Continue drinking between six and eight glasses of water throughout the day.3
Add ground psyillium husks to empty capsules. Most capsules hold 500 mg of an herb. When choosing capsules, vegetarian-safe and easily-digested ones help to avoid consuming unwanted animal by-products. Taking up to 2400 mg of psyillium daily is deemed safe by Nature's Sunshine Products.Tips & Warnings
As with all supplements, consult a doctor before taking psyillium.
Suggest itemReferencesEarth Clinic Folk Remedies; Psyllium Cures; 2011The Greatest Herbs on Earth; Nature's Sunshine Psyillium; 2011Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/PhotoObjects.net/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Few things are more frustrating than putting torque on a bolt head and feeling that telltale snap of the bolt breaking. Drilling out a broken bolt is more of an art than a science, and there are many methods. You must take care to avoid damaging your...
Flag this photoThe American Foundation for the Blind estimates that 10 million people in the United States have some type of vision impairment. Vision impairments include total blindness, but also partial blindness, cataracts, or diabetic retinopathy. Monocular vision is a type of partial blindness in which a person can only see out of one eye.Related Searches: What Is It?
Monocular vision is the opposite of stereo vision. It means that a person only sees out of one eye. This is slightly different that monovision which means that the person only sees out of one eye at a time. Monocular vision means that the person is blind in one eye, while a person with monovision can see out of both eyes, just not simultaneously. People with monocular vision may or may not have one prosthetic eye.What Causes It?
Many conditions can cause monocular vision. A person who suffers an eye injury may become blind in that eye, leaving them with monocular vision. Someone with a lazy or wandering eye that is not treated can lose some or all of the vision in that eye. If this condition is severe, it can result in monocular vision. Some people grow up knowing that they have monocular vision while other people assume that everyone sees like they do and learn in their teens or in adulthood that this is not the case.Effects
Monocular vision usually affects peripheral vision and depth perception. Because depth perception results when your brain processes the difference between what your two eyes see, people with monocular vision do not have any depth perception. They can also have issues with peripheral vision. Someone who can only see out of one eye will have a more limited range of vision on the opposite side. This can cause them to run into objects or not see people who approach them on their blind side.Strategies for Adapting
Many people with monocular vision are able to drive, work and even fly airplanes, depending on their individual situations. People often adapt to having monocular vision by turning their heads so that the good eye sees more of what is in front of them. Some people walk next to a wall so that they do not have to worry about people approaching on that side. You can learn to compensate for a lack of depth perception by noticing other cues for distance such as trees that get larger or smaller depending on whether they are close or far away. There are also eye exercises that some people find can help them to adapt to monocular vision or even develop some stereo vision.ReferencesKid's Health: Visual ImpairmentArtificial Eyes: Adapting to Monocular VisionLook Up Info: Monocular Vision. Having Sight in One Eye OnlyResourcesThe U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: Questions and Answers About Blindness: 2011Vision Therapy Success Stories: Improving Depth PerceptionPhoto Credit Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoIf you've ever bought a chicken or chicken pieces home from the store and wondered if you've bought a bad chicken, you're not alone. There are a few factors that contribute to spoilage in packaged poultry. Several things, such as color, odor and texture, need to be considered when trying to discern if you've purchased bad poultry.Related Searches:Difficulty:EasyInstructions 1
Look at the package date. Grocers are supposed to pull the chicken days ahead of the date, but sometimes they miss a stray bird. Checking the "packed on" or "sell by" date can tell you how old the chicken is.2
Check the color for fading or darkening. The normal color of chicken ranges from a bluish-white to yellow. A reddish color on the chicken is most likely due to the protein myoglobin, which is normal. Change in color alone, however, does not necessarily indicate spoilage.3
Smell the chicken. If you find that it has an "off" or unpleasant odor, this may be a sign that the chicken has indeed gone bad.4
Rub the chicken with the tips of your fingers. If the chicken has a slimy feel, or is sticky to the touch, it may have gone bad.5
Take note of the above steps and make a decision about whether to return the chicken or use the chicken. If you have a chicken or chicken pieces that have a change in color, odor or texture, you could have a spoiled chicken. If two or more of the changes are apparent, there is a good chance the chicken is spoiled or near spoiling.Tips & Warnings
If you have a frozen chicken with white patches of freezer burn, it is still safe to eat. Simply trim off the freezer-burnt sections and prepare as normal.
Darkening of the meat around the bone area in a cooked chicken is normal, especially in younger poultry.
Some chicken may still have a pink cast after cooking it fully. To ensure safety, always use a meat thermometer when cooking to make sure it was cooked to a temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit.
Suggest itemReferencesUnited States Department of Agriculture: The Color of Meat and PoultryResourcesUnited States Department of Agriculture: Chicken From Farm to TablePhoto Credit Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
When installing a pool it's necessary not only to calculate how much space is necessary for the structure itself, but also how much space to leave around it. The swimming and lounging experience is directly impacted by how much room is available arou...
Flag this photoAccording to UCLA's Brain Research Institute, scientists are paying attention to the Indian spice turmeric. As of 2006, the woody-tasting substance, and the chemical it contains - curcumin, - were the subjects of eight studies at the National Institutes of Health. Indians put the spice on Band-Aid bandages to prevent infection. People in India also swallow the spice to treat bronchitis. And people in the United States are trying out turmeric solutions as a gargle to treat laryngitis and sore throats.Related Searches:Difficulty:EasyInstructions Things You'll NeedDrinking glassHot waterMeasuring cupsMeasuring spoonsTurmeric powderSaltSpoonSuggest Edits1
Fill a drinking glass with one cup of hot water.2
Add 1/2 teaspoon of turmeric powder.3
Add 1/2 teaspoon of salt.4
Mix with a spoon until the turmeric powder and the salt dissolve.5
Gargle with the mixture until it is gone.Tips & Warnings
Find turmeric powder in the spice section of the grocery store or at an Indian grocery.
Turmeric mixture spilled on clothing can stain.
Suggest itemReferencesBrain Research Institute UCLA: Out of the Spice Box, Into the Lab; Hilary E. MacGregor; February 6, 2006Organic Authority: 5 Natural Gargle Remedies for a Sore Throat; Andrea ManitsasPhoto Credit Zedcor Wholly Owned/PhotoObjects.net/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Sunflower Corporation has been in business since 1941 when it only sold one line of products. Today, Sunflower manufactures farming implements that are sold by approximately 750 dealers in the United States, as well as other countries . Sunflower se...
Flag this photoBurdock root is used by traditional medicine to treat fever, fluid retention, infection, cancer and kidney stones. Though generally considered safe, it hasn't been adequately evaluated for effectiveness and safety. Steeping burdock root to make tea is a simple way to introduce this herb into your diet for its pleasant taste and digestive benefits. Dried and powdered burdock root are easiest to find and either works well for steeping. Burdock closely resembles belladonna, also known as deadly nightshade, which is toxic. It is advisable to purchase burdock from a reputable dealer and not attempt to gather it wild.Related Searches:Difficulty:EasyInstructions Things You'll NeedSmall saucepan2 cups cold water2 to 6 g dried or powdered burdock rootStrainerSuggest Edits1
Add 2 cups of cold water and the burdock root to the saucepan.2
Bring the water and burdock to a boil. Simmer for 20 minutes.3
Strain liquid to remove any solids.4
Drink the mixture up to three times per day.Tips & Warnings
Slice or chop dried burdock before boiling.
Do not use if pregnant or lactating. Additionally, children should not use burdock.
Persons who are allergic to daises, chrysanthemum or ragweed may react to burdock.
Burdock may lower blood-sugar levels and should not be taken by diabetics on hypoglycemic medication.
Do not use if you are dehydrated.
Suggest itemReferencesDrugs.com: BurdockUniversity of Maryland and the Center for Integrative Medicine: BurdockMemorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center: BurdockPhoto Credit Siri Stafford/Lifesize/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Select Poke Radar from the main menu.2
Search through the tall grass by looking for exclamation marks appearing to the side of the grass. Scroll over to that grass and select it in order to attempt to discover wild Pokemon.3
Battle and continue to search for wild Pokemon until you discover a wild Pokemon that you want to catch, such as a Trapinch.4
Use your Pokemon to attack the wild Trapinch until its health is low.5
Throw a Pokeball at the injured Pokemon. If the wild Pokemon is weak enough, you should successfully capture the Pokemon.Tips & Warnings
The wild Pokemon that you encounter is random, so it may take time to discover a wild Pokemon that you want to capture. Be patient and keep searching.
Suggest itemReferencesSerebii.net: PokewalkerBulbapedia: PokewalkerRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Sunflower Corporation has been in business since 1941 when it only sold one line of products. Today, Sunflower manufactures farming implements that are sold by approximately 750 dealers in the United States, as well as other countries . Sunflower se...
Flag this photoNative to the coastal plains from South Carolina and eastern Louisiana to the tip of southernmost Florida, the saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) is one of the few palm species native to the United States. Found growing in densest numbers in southern Georgia and the northern half of Florida, saw palmetto prospers in hot, sunny areas in seasonally dry sands, often under pine trees. This palm usually matures at 3 to 6 feet tall. A visit to Florida gives you an opportunity to taste and purchase palmetto honey, which comes from the nectar-rich flowers of saw palmetto.Related Searches: Features
Saw palmettos gained their common name because of the numerous short, black spines that line the leaf stem petioles. Running your hand or other bare-skinned part of your body across the petioles would leave cuts like a saw blade. Each evergreen leaf is a handlike fan with numerous deep cuts. The leaves range in color from yellow-green to silvery blue-green. Slow growing, saw palmettos develop a large underground trunk that surfaces and remains prostrate on the soil surface. The crown of fronds rises from upright-growing tips on the trunk. In rare cases a saw palmetto's trunk grows fully upright like a tree.Flowers and Fruit
Anytime from late February to late April across its native range, the saw palmetto bears clusters of fragrant, creamy white flowers. These tiny flowers occur on a low, branching structure called an inflorescence that rises from the base of the palm and remains well below the leafy fronds. Bees pollinate the flowers, creating a distinctly flavored and colored honey. Afterward, the flowers become olive-sized orange fruits that mature to black. One seed ripens inside each fruit. Flowering and fruiting occurs more abundantly after saw palmettos are burned by wildfire, and on plants larger than 2 feet tall.Growing Saw Palmetto
Saw palmetto grows well in areas of the U.S. where winters are not colder than 10 degrees Fahrenheit, which correlates to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 and warmer. They excel in any loose-textured soil that has good drainage and is not overly fertile. Plant a saw palmetto in full sun for best leafy development, flowering and overall uniform shape and attractive silhouette. Silvery blue-leaved forms of the saw palmetto are a bit faster growing and larger at maturity than the green-leaved type. Overly fertile soils coupled with irrigation causes saw palmetto to become a large clump with massive trunks and numerous suckering frond clusters.Uses
The saw palmetto demonstrates excellent tolerance to summertime heat, drought and salt spray, such as near the ocean. Across the southeastern states, saw palmettos are used as a tough landscape shrub for naturalistic plantings or for restoration work. The fronds, especially of the silver-blue-leaved plants, may be cut and used as Christmas greenery. The fruits of saw palmetto, although edible, are not palatable. However, dried fruits, once the seeds are removed, are pulverized into a powder and rehydrated into a gel capsule for use as an herbal supplement.ReferencesU.S. Forest Service; Serenoa Repens; Jill R. Barbour"A Gardener's Guide to Florida's Native Plants"; Rufino Osorio; 2001ResourcesNational Gardening Association: USDA Hardiness Zone FinderLearn2Grow: Serenoa RepensPhoto Credit Siri Stafford/Lifesize/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Wash and soak about a cup of wheat seeds for about 12 hours and let the wet seeds sprout for another 12 hours. Spread a thin layer of equal amounts of peat moss and soil in a shallow tray. Spread the sprouted wheat seeds on the soil and cover with another thin layer of soil and peat moss mixture. Water and cover with another tray and let stand for two to three days. Uncover and keep the tray in filtered light. Water daily.Harvesting
Wheatgrass is ready for harvesting when the grass is 7 to 10 inches tall, dark green in color and stands upright. This usually takes anywhere between six to 12 days depending on growth conditions. To cut grass, use a sharp knife, and holding the blades with one hand, cut as close to the soil as possible. Juice and use right away. Start watering the roots and wheatgrass can be cut again once grass is tall enough.Second Harvest Recommendations
Though a second batch of wheatgrass may be harvested from the roots, the nutritional level of the second batch is not as high as the first batch, Loraine R. Degraff says in her book "The Complete Guide to Growing and Using Wheatgrass." This is because most of the seed energy is spent in producing the first batch. The soil also has reduced nutrients the second time around. Therefore, it is recommended to use fresh soil and newly sprouted seeds for the second harvest.Nutrional Value
Wheatgrass is a rich source of vegetarian protein, the anti-cancer compound laetrile and mucopolysaccharides. The nutritional value in 15 lbs. of wheatgrass is equal to that in 350 lbs. of vegetables, Linda Page writes in her book "Detoxification." Wheatgrass is rich in vitamins A, C and B; minerals, numerous amino acids such as leucine, lysine, valine and threonine; and contains over 70 percent chlorophyll.References"The Complete Guide to Growing and Using Wheatgrass"; Loraine R. Degraff; 2010"The Wheatgrass Book"; Ann Wigmore; 1985"Detoxification"; Linda Page; 1998Read Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoCattle and other livestock feed on thickspike wheatgrass, or Elytrigia dasystachya. The grass also makes a strong turf for lawns. The rhizome bearing grass grows well in chilly climates and can reach heights up to 3 feet. Three varieties of thickspike wheatgrass grow in the United States. The leaves have a green to blue-green color. propagate in abundance in the northern Great Plains.Related Searches: Uses
Young thickspike wheatgrass plants have a high percentage of protein and carbohydrates and can be eaten by sheep, horses, species of deer and cattle. The three types of thickspike wheatgrass cultivars serve as fodder and as fast growing erosion control grasses. These grasses grow successfully in locations vulnerable to landslips and erosion, in a range of different types and textures of soil.Bannock Thickspike Wheatgrass
Bannock thickspike wheatgrass, Elymus lanceolatus, grows well in cool climates with medium rainfall. The grass bears yellow flowers in spring. The drought tolerant grass grows well in most types of soil and requires about 90 days without frost to mature. The grass propagates through seed and a rhizome network.Critana Thickspike Wheatgrass
Critana thickspike wheatgrass has a thin stem and makes an excellent plant for erosion control near roads and pipelines. All types of livestock and deer can eat the Critana variety. The grass requires more than 8 inches rainfall per year and can grow well as a low maintenance yet lush lawn in dry places.Schwendimar Thickspike Wheatgrass
Schwendimar thickspike wheatgrass makes an effective grass for erosion control. The grass propagates by seeds being carried by the wind. The grass also has a rhizome network that helps control erosion of soil, especially soil with a coarse texture. The rhizome network spreads rapidly for quickly stabilizing the soil. The Schwendimar thickspike wheatgrass variety requires 8 inches or more rainfall in order to flourish.ReferencesUSDA: Thickspike WheatgrassPlant Database: Elymus Lanceolatus BannockPhoto Credit Jupiterimages/Creatas/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoTurmeric is a root related to ginger that has a wide range of uses. Generally, the root is dried and ground into a fine powder that is used in medicine, dyes and several culinary applications. It has been grown and used since before 3000 B.C. and comes in 30 different varieties that range in color from reddish-orange to pale yellow.Related Searches: Asian Cuisine
In culinary applications, Asian cooking makes the most use of turmeric. The spice adds a warm aroma to a wide range of curries and is a principal ingredient in curry powder. Many curries get their color from the use of turmeric. Cooks add the spice to several rice and chicken dishes, and turmeric is also used as a condiment in India. The spice's flavor intensifies when it is cooked, so chefs often use a light hand when adding it to any dish.Adding Color
Turmeric is sometimes referred to as "poor man's saffron" because it adds intense color to foods. It does not taste like saffron, which is much more expensive, but turmeric can add the same type of yellow to orange color. Mustard often contains turmeric, added to achieve the vibrant deep yellow color. Other food items such as cheese, butter, fruit drinks, cakes and desserts have small amounts of the spice to add color and flavor.Healthy Tea
On the island of Okinawa, Japan, famed for a high average life expectancy, turmeric is traditionally used to make tea. A small amount is mixed with boiling water, honey and lemon to sweeten the taste. The many medicinal properties of turmeric help make this tea a healthy choice, which plays a part in the islanders' good health. The Okinawans, who drink the tea regularly, can brew it fresh themselves or buy it prepackaged in stores.Nutritional Aspects
Turmeric is a nutritional and healthy ingredient containing essential nutrients such as potassium, calcium, fiber and iron. A single serving of turmeric, 1 tablespoon or 6 grams, contains 16 percent of the recommended daily intake of iron and 6 percent of the required fiber. It is low in sodium, sugar, cholesterol and saturated fats. Its nutritional aspects also make it suitable to help regulate digestion and circulation.ReferencesTurmeric: Food UseTurmeric: FactsDr Weil; Healthy Turmeric Tea; Brad LemleyNutrition Data: Nutrition FactsPhoto Credit Zedcor Wholly Owned/PhotoObjects.net/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHow FoodFollow
Maca is a perennial herb native to the Peruvian Andes that exhibits long, edible roots ranging in color from cream to yellow. Its underground stems are also edible and can reach as deep as 10 inches. Maca is cooked and prepared in various forms and is also brewed into a hot drink or eaten fresh. Medium-size yellow tubers are most preferred for consumption; at this size they are easy to cook, and the yellow color is associated with sweeter taste. The leaves grow like a mat that lies close to the soil.When to Grow
Since the plant is not sensitive to day length, it is likely to grow at any time of year with ideal conditions. Traditionally, maca seeds are planted in September and October, just before the rainy season begins. Typically, maca plants are perennials that flower in their second year and then die off. But under ideal conditions they can grow as annuals, finishing their life cycle in one year. In this case, the plants can survive after going to seed as long as they are not killed off by frost. Harvest takes place from May through July, with the full life cycle of the plant taking 10 to 11 months from seed to harvest.Growth Requirements
Maca plants are not sensitive to day length but are responsive to moisture levels and temperature, preferring lots of water and cool temperatures. Maca is highly tolerant of frost and freezing temperatures and can survive in its high-altitude native habitat in temperatures down to 14 degrees Fahrenheit. It naturally grows in acidic soil. Cultivation experiments at the University of California at Davis, far from its native Peru, found that the plant grew well so long as sufficient irrigation was provided. Commercial production is spreading across the globe as information spreads about the medicinal benefits of the plant.Properties
Maca has long been considered an aphrodisiac and fertility booster. It is said to enhance the sexual drive of males and improve female fertility. These are important functions in the high-altitude environment where the plant was originally cultivated, as fertility tends to decrease under high-altitude conditions. It is also purported to cure rheumatism, improve stamina and memory, fight AIDs and cancer, in addition to a many other benefits. Peruvians in the Andean region long relied on the crop as a vital source of nutrition, thanks to its high levels of amino acids, iron and calcium.References"Andean Roots and Tubers: Ahipa, Arracacha, Maca and Yacon"; Michael Hermann, et al.; December 1997Read Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoPeople prefer to grow wheatgrass to turn it into a nutritional drink, but you can also dry it into a powder or add it to a dish. The grass also makes an attractive decoration at the office or in the home. Growing wheatgrass at home allows you to enjoy the plant whenever you desire. Since the grass grows quickly, you can enjoy it within 14 days after planting it.Related Searches: Inspect Wheatgrass
After planting wheatgrass, you may harvest it within eight to 14 days. During this period, the grass grows rapidly and turns green in color. Young wheatgrass appears yellow in color until it matures. When you harvest wheatgrass, continue to check on it daily because it will continue to grow. Always measure the wheatgrass daily as the plant grows so that you can determine precisely when to harvest it.Harvest Wheatgrass
Once the planted wheatgrass reaches 7 to 8 inches tall, you may harvest it. The grass will appear bright green in color when it reaches maturity. Place sharp scissors 3/4 inch above the soil level. Cut the grass from the container to remove it. If you do not have scissors, you can use a sharp chef's knife. Continue to harvest the wheatgrass as it reaches maturity, but it will contain less nutrients once it matures. You can also grow a new batch of wheatgrass as well since it grows quickly.Store Harvested Wheatgrass
When you harvest wheatgrass, use it as soon as possible for best results. Harvested wheatgrass that you cannot immediately use may be stored in the refrigerator. Keep the wheatgrass crisp by wrapping it in damp paper towels. After you wrap it, store the grass in a zipper-sealed bag and remove the excess air. Wheatgrass will only remain fresh for three to four days when stored in the refrigerator and then it begins to lose its nutritional value.Tips
Avoid allowing wheatgrass to grow taller than 8 inches because it will become tough and have a bitter flavor. Wheatgrass requires a sunny location to grow so that it can produce chlorophyll. If the wheatgrass appears pale, it may need more sunlight. Straighten wheatgrass blades with your hands before cutting them to ensure that you remove whole blades instead of small portions. Cutting the wheatgrass as close to the soil level as possible ensures that you harvest most of the nutrients. Wheatgrass seeds may be purchased online or through specialty stores because they are not common.ReferencesThe Daily Gardener: WheatgrassSai Sanjeevini: Wheat GrassHappy Juicer: Growing WheatgrassHappy Juicer: Wheatgrass FAQsPhoto Credit Jupiterimages/Creatas/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoThe saw palmetto palm (Serenoa repens) is valued for its medicinal properties, especially in prostate relief. Proliferating indigenously in the southeastern United States and the West Indies, as of 2011 most of the commercially produced saw palmetto is supplied by Florida. Saw palmetto is naturally insect and drought resistant, making it popular for landscaping. Unfortunately, this plant rarely survives transplantation from the wild, so specialized nurseries typically raise plants from seed. Time and patience is essential to propagate these plants.Related Searches: Acquiring Saw Palmetto Seeds
The first cutting, or harvesting, should take place when the wheatgrass is approximately 7 to 8 inches high. This is when the wheatgrass is at its nutritional peak and typically occurs one week after the initial planting. It is best to cut the grass blades 3/4-inch above the soil level to promote continued growing after harvest.Care
When planting wheatgrass seeds, use ordinary potting soil with no added chemicals or fertilizers, though manure can be used if desired. Sprinkle the seeds over the soil before adding a second thin layer of soil over the top. The seeds need to be watered every day to keep them moist and kept in indirect sunlight for much of the day. For the first few days, keep a cover over the tray to lock in the moisture so the seeds don't dry out. Keep your wheatgrass at a consistent temperature between 65 and 68 degrees Fahrenheit while it's growing.Further Cuttings
The second growth of wheatgrass should spring up one week after the first cutting. It should once again be approximately 7 to 8 inches in height before harvesting. The wheatgrass may produce one more round of growth after the second cutting. If it doesn't start to grow after a few days, it's best to compost the soil and either reuse it or get new soil for the next planting.Considerations
When planting wheatgrass for home use, you may want to consider planting a second tray if you have indoor cats. They enjoy munching on wheatgrass as it reminds them of the grass outdoors. If you don't want them eating what you're going to use, go ahead and plant a tray just for them. Keep harvesting your wheatgrass for as long as it continues to grow. If you don't harvest often, you run the risk of mold forming since the soil must stay consistently moist.ReferencesHappy Juicer: Growing WheatgrassSai San Jeevini: Wheat GrassHealth Banquet: How Many Times Can You Harvest The Wheatgrass?Health Banquet: Will Cut Wheatgrass Grow Back?Read Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoMost of the wild health claims about ingesting wheatgrass have been debunked by the scientific community. The plant's chlorophyll does not make the bloodstream healthier, the enzymes it produces do not aid digestion and there is no scientific study to prove that wheatgrass cures cancer. Wheatgrass is, however, a fun plant to grow, especially if you have children in the house. It grows quickly and provides a novel houseplant. Problems may arise if the grass isn't grown under the appropriate conditions.Related Searches: Problem
A sour smell emanating from sprouting wheatgrass typically indicates a mold problem. If you look closely at the soil you may see a white or gray powdery substance on the soil and the bottom of the grass seedlings. There are several reasons that the wheatgrass may develop mold including poor soil drainage, using the wrong soil mixture or a lack of air circulation. If you catch the mold in time, there is no need to dispose of the entire tray.Solution
If you grow the wheatgrass in a warm room, lower the temperature. The ideal temperature for wheatgrass seedlings is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, although 65 degrees is perfect. Water the wheatgrass less frequently. Mold requires moisture and dies without it. When you do water, use a solution containing 1 tbsp. of baking soda in 1 gallon of water. Place a fan, set to the lowest speed, over the wheatgrass tray. The soil dries faster when using a fan, so keep an eye on the moisture content.Growing Tips
Use the coarsest sand you can find and a chunky potting soil when planting wheat berries. Equal parts of both materials is ideal. Before you plant the seeds, spray the soil with a combination of 2 tbsp. of kelp powder and 1/4 tsp. of baking soda dissolved in a 16 ounce spray bottle full of water. Squirt it on the soil until it is moist. After planting, mist the soil with the solution twice a day until the wheatgrass germinates.Considerations
While eating wheatgrass won't harm you, its nutritional benefits are highly overstated. One half cup of cooked broccoli contains over two times as much protein as seven 3.5 gram tablets of wheatgrass. The same amount of broccoli contains six times the amount of calcium. One raw carrot has 12 times the amount of beta carotene than the wheatgrass tablets. Dr. William T. Jarvis of the National Council Against Health Fraud warns that there is no scientific evidence that wheatgrass therapy works.ReferencesGeorgia Tech; Wheatgrass Experiment; September 2005Dogwoods Gardens Organic Farm: How to Grow WheatgrassNational Council Against Health Fraud; Wheatgrass Therapy; William T. Jarvis, Ph.D.10News.com: Grow Your Own WheatgrassPhoto Credit Jupiterimages/Creatas/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoThe Chesapeake Bay is an estuary located along the mid-Atlantic coast. This estuary, a mix of fresh water and sea water, is more than 200 miles long and home to a diverse population of fish, plants and animals. One plant group, called bay grasses, includes varieties of underwater grasses that provide marine habitat while stabilizing the Bay. Some sediments benefit bay grasses while other sediments kill the underwater grasses.Related Searches: Features
Bay grasses, called submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), live underwater by rooting in sediment and filtering nutrients from the water. The plants thrive in sand or mud sediment with low organic content as they are harmed by excess nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous. Through photosynthesis, the plants convert carbon dioxide to oxygen in the water. The plants cover more than 40,000 acres in the vast Bay. The Chesapeake Bay is affected by watershed drainage from the District of Columbia and states including New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia and West Virginia.Benefits
Bay grass roots and foliage hold underwater soil in place and reduce erosion by trapping floating sediment. The buoyant grass vegetation slows wave action and water flow, providing calmer waters for bottom-dwelling clams, crabs and other species. SAV provides habitat for fish and food for waterfowl. The leafy vegetation is nursery habitat for fish and other marine life. Bay grasses such as eelgrass grow ribbon-like leaves up to 4 feet long and provide shelter for small fish and crabs hiding from predators.Problems
When too much sediment floats in the water due to land erosion or other disturbances, it makes water cloudy and blocks bay grasses from critical sunlight needed for plant health. The suspended sediment, washed down from urban construction or agricultural use, contains excess nitrogen from fertilizer, pollution and other sources that boost algal growth. Algae further clouds the water, hindering bay grass growth. When too much sediment washes down, it suffocates bottom plants and builds deposits that destroy fragile wildlife habitat.Considerations
In addition to destroying bay grasses, sediment washed into Chesapeake Bay causes other serious problems. The sediment promotes excess algae production. High accumulations of algae absorb oxygen in the water and produce scum deposits that kill fish and shellfish. Some algae produce toxins harmful to humans and other animals. Excess sediment deposits bury bottom-dwelling plants and animals, smothering oyster and clam beds. The contaminated sediment-laden water contains toxic chemicals and human contaminants that cannot be filtered out by the bay grasses. Tons of sediment accumulate, impeding waterways and affecting boat traffic. Dredging is necessary to keep ports and boat channels clear.ReferencesMaryland Department of Natural Resources: Bay GrassesU.S. Geological Survey; The Impact of Sediment on the Chesapeake Bay and its Watershed; Scott Phillips, et al.; June 2005Virginia Institute of Marine Science; Study Shows Bay Clean-up Helps Boost Underwater Grasses; David Malmquist; July 2010Maryland Department of Natural Resources: Harmful Algae Blooms in MarylandResourcesUniversity of Maryland Extension; Saving Your Soil and the Chesapeake Bay; Peter J. Ricciuti, et al.Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/Photos.com/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoIn a quest to cut down on salt intake, you may have opted for a salt substitute, such as LoSalt, without being aware of certain negative fallouts. Salt substitutes are not for everyone. They have the potential to create a negative reaction in certain groups of people. Thus, take the time to ensure you will not suffer any harm from these products before you opt for them.Related Searches: Cutting Down On Sodium
Considering that salt substitutes help cut down on sodium consumption, they offer benefits to those watching their sodium intake. Some “low sodium” salt substitutes don’t altogether do away with sodium but contain it in a smaller dose of sodium chloride. If you want to cut down on sodium intake and find that salt substitutes pose a risk to you, perhaps you could substitute other herbs and spices, such as garlic, for salt rather than opting for salt substitutes.Substitution of Potassium
While salt substitutes do cut down your exposure to sodium, they typically substitute potassium chloride for sodium chloride. Potassium has certain beneficial effects, such as helping cut down the risk of stroke and reducing blood pressure levels. Thus, salt substitutes have the dual effect of helping you cut down on sodium consumption while also hiking up your potassium consumption. However, the substitution can also induce harmful reactions in certain people.Kidney Problems
Those who have certain kidney problems may have a problem getting rid of the excess potassium they have taken in from salt substitutes, potentially leading to a potentially life-threatening condition known as hyperkalaemia. Thus, if you have any kidney-related problems, or if you are on a course of medication for kidney-related issues, check with your physician before opting for a salt substitute.Other Medical Conditions
Those with diabetes may also be at risk of developing hyperkalaemia from exposure to potassium through the use of a salt substitute. These patients often receive prescriptions for diuretics or for medications such as enzyme inhibitors, either of which can further compound the risk of hyperkalaemia. Older patients with osteoarthritis are also at risk as a result of their use of drugs that combat inflammation. Moreover, these drugs have a tendency to boost potassium levels.ReferencesBritish Medical Journal: Danger of Salt Substitutes that Contain Potassium in Patients With Renal Failure; C.J. Doorenbos, et al; January 2004Cleveland Clinic; Salt Substitutes: Are they Safe?Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoWheat production uses more land than any other crop around the world, according to Iowa State University. First grown in the United States in 1602, the traditional use for wheat was as a food crop for man and animals. Wheatgrass is the immature version of the wheat plant, Triticum aestivum. Considered a health food since the 1930s, researchers at Illinois State University believe wheatgrass to contain "many unexplained natural healing qualities." Allowing wheatgrass to grow to maturity allows you to harvest the grains.Related Searches: Types of Wheat
Choosing a bread-wheat variety allows for the production of wheatgrass and grain. The major classes for bread wheat include hard-red spring and hard-red winter, according to Iowa State University. Spring wheat is planted in early spring for a late-summer harvest, while winter wheat is planted in the fall for an early-summer harvest.Growing Location
Wheatgrass is often grown indoors, but it should be grown in an outdoor garden area if intended to reach a mature, harvesting size. As a grass, wheat requires the wind to aid in fertilization for the production of seeds. The size of the garden area can range from a small area to several acres. A 30-foot by 30-foot area will generally produce approximately 50 lbs. of harvested grain, according to John Vivian of "Mother Earth News." One acre has the potential to produce 30 bushels, or 1,800 lbs., of wheat.Harvesting Wheatgrass
Wheatgrass contains the optimum nutrition for juice when between 6 and 7 inches tall, according to Happy Juicer, a juicing information website. It takes approximately 4 to 5 days to reach a harvesting size. Harvest by trimming with scissors an inch or 2 above the soil. Wash thoroughly before juicing. Continued care and watering will allow the wheat to regrow. You can harvest again within a week or allow the plant to mature and produce grain.Harvesting Wheat Grains
Sara Pitzer of "Mother Earth News" recommends testing the wheat grain once the stalks begin to brown and the heads droop towards the ground. A properly mature wheat grain will be firm and crunchy when eaten. Small areas can be harvested using a scythe, sickle or sheers. Larger areas may require a farm tractor and implements. Once harvested, the wheat should be bundled into 12-inch sheaves and allowed to cure until hard. After threshing and winnowing, the wheat may be stored in airtight containers or ground for flour.ReferencesIowa State University; Origin, History and Uses of Oat and Wheat; Lance Gibson, et al.; January 2002Illinois State University; Wheatgrass; Kent SeymourHappy Juicer: Growing Wheatgrass -- A Beginner's Guide"Mother Earth News"; Growing Your Own Wheat; Sara Pitzer; 2010"Mother Earth News"; Growing Grains; John Vivian; 1999Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoSaw palmetto gets its name from its jagged-edged sawlike fronds. A member of the palm family, saw palmetto is a multistem variety that grows 2 to 9 feet tall. The stems often grow laterally along the ground creating a sprawling plant. Saw palmetto is native to South Carolina, Florida and parts of Louisiana. It tends to grow wild on coastal planes and grows well in areas that rarely drop below 25 F in winter. Summer temperatures above 97 F can stress these plants. Transplant a saw palmetto into your landscape to create a habitat and food source for native birds and animals and a focal point in the garden.Related Searches:Difficulty:ModerateInstructions Things You'll NeedShovelPruning shearsDowelFertilizerSuggest Edits1
Pick a location in part shade or sun. Saw palmetto grows well in sandy dry soil or heavy poorly draining soil, making this a truly adaptable native palm for the landscape.2
Measure the diameter of the nursery container the saw palmetto is in and then dig a hole twice the size of the pot. Dig the planting hole so it is the same depth as the nursery pot.3
Lay the container with the saw palmetto on its side being careful not to break any of the laterally growing branches. Wiggle the nursery pot off the root ball.4
Inspect the roots for signs of rot or damage and trim off any affected areas. Leave any of the roots that wrap around the root ball.5
Roll the root ball into the planting hole. Place a shovel handle or a dowel across the planting hole. Add or remove soil under the saw palmetto root ball until the place where the bottom of the trunk begins to turn into roots is at the same level as the dowel.6
Hold the saw palmetto upright with one hand and push the extra soil back around the soil with your other hand. Gently pack down the soil as you go to fill in all the air pockets around the roots.7
Water right away. It is important to water newly transplanted palm trees within six hours of planting to prevent them from drying out.8
Fertilize the new transplant after planting. Apply a fertilizer high in nitrogen, like a 25-5-5. Spread the fertilizer in a circle starting 6 inches from the base of the trunk and extending out to 12 inches from the base of the trunk.ReferencesFlorida Forest Plants: Saw PalmettoSmithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce: Sereno RepensUniversity of Florida IFAS Extension; Transplanting Palms in the Landscape; Timothy K. BroschatPhoto Credit Siri Stafford/Lifesize/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow
Flag this photoThe saw palmetto, Serenoa repens/Sabal serrulata, is a cold-hardy palm plant that can grow as a shrub or a dense ground cover. The evergreen, fan-shaped leaves produce many leaflets edged with small spines. Though it is a slow-growing plant, the shrub can reach 4 to 10 feet tall or larger and has a spreading habit. It should be planted with plenty of room to grow. This native of southeastern United States is highly tolerant of a range of environments and adds interesting shape to a landscape. It has other uses as well. Its substances are extracted and used for treating enlarged prostates and other medical conditions.Related Searches:Difficulty:EasyInstructions 1
Prepare a soil location in full sun or partial shade. The plant will tolerate many soil types but thrives best in dry, well-drained soil. Allow plenty of space for it to spread as wide as 10 feet.2
Sow seeds directly in soil bed or seed pots in an ideal location, as the saw palmetto is difficult to transplant. Provide moderate water but avoid soil saturation as the plant is establishing. Germination can be lengthy for this plant and may take six months due to the hard coating over the seed that will slowly break down. This plant will tolerate a range of light conditions, but prefers somewhat shadier conditions early in its life.3
Transplant in the soil at the same level that it was planted in the nursery container. When transplanting, keep in mind that the saw palmetto grows with its trunk underground.4
Provide moderate watering to promote establishment and avoid soggy or waterlogged soil which can hinder growth. Continue to provide moderate watering as the plant grows. Direct sunlight is ideal once it is established.Tips & Warnings
The saw palmetto is extremely tolerant, with resistance against fire, drought and freezing temperatures. It is also salt-tolerant and may be planted near the ocean or salt-spray areas.
The white flowers of the saw palmetto develop into yellow berries that turn blue or black when ripe. Pick these berries for their medicinal benefits. The berries are used to make tea, consumed dry, or are made into other tinctures and preparations. They are prescribed for conditions including enlarged prostate glands, bronchitis, prostate cancer, male balding, urinary tract infections for women and sexual dysfunction.
Avoid planting where the sharp spines of the leaves will interfere with areas where people will be walking.
Suggest itemReferencesUniversity of Florida IFAS Extension: Saw PalmettoSmithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce; Serenoa Repens; K. HillGeorge Mason University; Saw Palmetto; A Miracle Herb?; Mike WardachUniversity of Maryland Medical Center: Saw PalmettoPhoto Credit Siri Stafford/Lifesize/Getty ImagesRead Next: Print this articleCommentsFollow eHowFollow